Fran Halsall encourages you to pay careful attention to the layers present in the landscape in order to avoid compositional flatness
One of the ways that photographs differ from our own perception of the world is an issue of flatness: where we experience three dimensions, the camera records two. Criticising an image for being ‘flat’ encompasses both matters of lighting (where it is not strong enough to create distinctive shadows or so bright that detail is stripped away) and composition (when the arrangement of elements fails to entice the eye into fully exploring the image).
A compositional device that can be applied to most landscapes is that of the layered view. The simplest way of defining these layers is by breaking space down into foreground, middle ground and distance. Applied a bit more thoughtfully, the idea can be used to assign each element to its own layer and then judge how they relate to both camera position and height. Once layers can be perceived, the overlaps and spacing between them can …
Read this and many more articles in High Definition inside Issue 59 of Landscape Photography Magazine.